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Theme of jealousy in othello pdf

JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Click the themes infographic to download. Othello is the most famous literary work that focuses on the dangers of jealousy. The play is a study of how jealousy can be fueled by mere circumstantial evidence and can destroy lives. In Othellothe hero succumbs to jealousy when Iago convinces him that Desdemona has been an unfaithful wife — in the end, Othello murders his wife and then kills himself.

It is interesting that Iago uses jealousy against Othello, yet jealousy is likely the source of Iago's hatred in the first place.

In Othellojealousy takes many forms, from sexual suspicion to professional competition, but it is, in all cases, destructive. The reason Iago chooses to hurt Othello by making him jealous is that Iago is consumed by jealousy himself. In Othello, Shakespeare proves that jealousy is inherently unreasonable, as it is founded on the psychological issues of the jealous person, not on the behavior of the one who prompts the jealous feelings. Othello is one of the first black heroes in English literature.

A military general, he has risen to a position of power and influence.

Jealousy In Othello (Essay Sample)

At the same time, his status as a black-skinned foreigner in Venice marks him as an outsider and exposes him to some pretty overt racism, especially by his wife's father, who believes his daughter's interracial marriage can only be the result of Othello's trickery.

In OthelloShakespeare creates a hero who is not a racist stereotype. Despite this, Shakespeare ultimately allows Othello to succumb to the subtle racism that surrounds him.

Othello views his own racial identity as undesirable, and it is this lack of confidence in himself that allows Iago to persuade him that Desdemona is cheating on him. Gender relations are pretty antagonistic in Othello. Unmarried women are regarded as their fathers' property and the play's two marriages are marked by male jealousy and cruelty both wives are murdered by their own husbands.

Most male characters in Othello assume that all Venetian women are inherently promiscuous, which explains why female sexuality is a huge threat to men in the play.

Othello is easily convinced his wife is cheating on him and feels emasculated and humiliated as a result. We should also note that it's impossible to discuss gender and sexuality without considering race: Several characters in the play, including Othello, believe that black men sexually contaminate white women, which may partially explain why Othello sees his wife as soiled. See also our discussions of " Race " and " Sex " for more on this topic. In the play, most male characters assume that women are naturally promiscuous, even if there's no concrete evidence to support such ideas.

Othello is like Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice in that both plays feature fathers who view their unmarried daughters as their property. Othello explores some common sixteenth century anxieties about miscegenation interracial sex and marriage by examining the relationship between a black man who marries a white woman, accuses her of being unfaithful, and then strangles her on her wedding sheets.

In Othellomost male characters assume that women are inherently promiscuous, which explains why all three women characters in the play are accused of sexual infidelity.

It also explains, in part, why it's possible for Iago to so easily manipulate Othello into believing his wife is having an affair. Othello is also notable for its portrayal of homoerotic desire, which seems to be a factor in Iago's plot to destroy Othello and Desdemona. In the course of the play, Iago infects Othello with his negative, crude view of sexuality.The play Othello is among the most famous tragic plays written by Shakespeare.

The story concentrates on four main characters namely Othello, Desdemona, Cassio and Lago. Due to its varied nature and the fact that it addresses important themes such as betrayal, love, death and jealousy, it is still performed in many theatres today. It stands out as a unique play with a personal setting describing the aspirations and private lives of the main characters.

The jealousy displayed by Othello and the villainous nature of Lago are some of the qualities that impress the readers of the play. In addition, the relationship among the characters makes the play unique Sparknotes 1. Othello and Lago show close associations which make it difficult to figure out who has the greatest responsibility in the play. Most importantly, the role played by Lago who is the villain distinguishes the play from others. Shakespeare addresses different themes in the play and this essay will discuss jealousy as one of the themes addressed in Othello by Shakespeare.

Shakespeare was one of the most prominent writers who ever lived. He was known for addressing various themes such as betrayal, death and love in his works as evidenced in his play Othello. However, theme of jealousy stands out from the start till the end of the play. As the play begins, Roderigo is presented as he tries to be close to Desdemona. The theme runs throughout the play until the end, leaving Othello very angry and envious because he believes that Cassio and Desdemona have been entangled in an affair.

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The jealousy of some characters in the play is influenced by other characters. Lago is the greatest victim of this and creates lies and presents situations aimed at misleading the other characters.

He exhibits jealousy towards Cassio and Othello because he was not appointed as a lieutenant. Lago can be described as a jealous character since he wishes every other person could share in his feelings so he goes ahead to plant the seed of jealousy in other characters. He is driven by anger and envy and aims at instilling jealousy in all the other characters, an aim he achieves through manipulating and betraying them, particularly Othello.

This is an important scene in the play since it depicts Lago as a villainous character. The deeds of Lago and his words portray him as a manipulative character. He designs a plan to ruin Othello by calling him a thief since he has stolen the heart of Desmodena through witchcraft. In actual sense, Lago is not concerned about the heart of Roderigo. His intentions are not geared towards helping Roderigo look for Desdemona but encourage Brabantio to pursue Othello because this would disturb him.

Lago perfects the art of speaking things that people would want to hear hence misleading them and making them react according to his plans. He is so witty in his diction to keep off any possible argument and confrontation.

Brabantio finds it difficult to believe the accusations leveled against her daughter by the two and dismisses them as absurd. He is angered by the two after they disturb him at night when he is asleep. After this incident, Roderigo tries to justify his accusations but his actions only serve to further anger Brabantio.

He refers to Roderigo as a villain while Roderigo calls him a senator. Brabantio is baffled by the remark made by Roderigo and sits back to reexamine the situation once more. After carefully re-examining the situation, his anger subsides and starts considering the stories told by the two especially when he discovers that Desdemona is not in her bed chamber Sparknotes 3.

Lago chooses his words judiciously and expresses his views carefully. He knows what to say and the most appropriate time to say it in order to convince his listeners. He practices this especially when talking to Roderigo and Othello. He begins his talks with imperatives then follows them with self answered questions and concludes by making daring assertions.

The timing nature of Lago is evident when he speaks to Roderigo about the suspicions of Desdemona being in love with Othello.

theme of jealousy in othello pdf

Lago brings out Othello as a deceitful person whose lies are believed by Desdemona.In the play Othello by Shakespeare, jealousy is the main theme that is explained in detail using the main characters Iago and Othello. Jealousy perverts the lives of the characters in the play. The book tries to demystify how jealousy destroys and corrupts the emotions of characters. Other characters that portray jealousy in the play include Bianca and Roderigo. Jealousy is the primary aspect that destroys the character Othello.

He undergoes a number of misfortunes, suffering, and finally death. Natural forces like witchcraft in Macbeth attribute this. However, it is important to note that the main initiator of these situations is Lago, which finally leads to the fall out of some of the characters in the book. Shakespeare portrays the characters differently.

In this case, Othello is presented as a wicked and jealous man. The marriage among Othello and Desdemona has its own advantages in its own way. Despite the fact that these characters have some vices that are unacceptable to the society, they still have a heart to show love to each other.

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Their marriage is not obstructed by number of factors that are usually prevalent in some marriages. Despite their differences in age they still marry each other but this is later destroyed when envy goes beyond cerebrum of Othello.

Othello rejects love as conviction has frees his mind from vulnerability and perplexity. By and by he swears action, and Iago vows to help him. Othello needs Cassio to die, and decides to collaborate with Lago to achieve this. The anxiety of craving is destroyed when Othello comes in and confirms to having been tormented.

At this point Othello exits in outrage. This is another instance where Othello has made the decision to kill both Cassio and Desdemona. To sum up, the theme of jealousy in the text is prevalent all through and has been depicted by a number of characters used by the author.

The writer has used these theme in order to bring out the different characters featured in the book. The manner in which Othello and Lago conduct themselves is influenced by the theme of jealousy.

Theme of Jealousy in Othello by Shakespeare Research Paper

In some cases, we have seen that it is because of jealousy that Iago is forced to abandon his nature whereas Othello changes and act as an animal.

Clearly, it is evident that because of envy individuals decide to change for the worst. Login Order now. Call Now!

Theme Of Jealousy In Othello

Order now. Search for:. Order now! Fill out the order form step-by-step. We need you to be detailed.The most prominent form of prejudice on display in Othello is racial prejudice. In the very first scene, Roderigo and Iago disparage Othello in explicitly racial terms, calling him, among other things, "Barbary horse" and "thick lips.

In other words, they use racist language to try to define Othello not only as an outsider to white Venetian society…. The tragic plot of Othello hinges on the ability of the villain, Iagoto mislead other characters, particularly Roderigo and Othelloby encouraging them to misinterpret what they see. Othello is susceptible to Iago's ploys because he himself is so honest and straightforward. Iago refers to jealousy as the "green-eyed monster.

For instance, at one point Othello demands that Iago provide "ocular proof" of Desdemona's infidelity—he demands to see reality. But Iago instead provides the circumstantial evidence of the handkerchief, which Othello, consumed by his jealousy, accepts as a substitute for "ocular proof. Throughout the play, various male figures seek to assert and protect their manhood and their honor. Based on the Duke's regard for him in 1.

The subplot in which Iago gets Cassio drunk and causes him to humiliate himself, also indicates the importance of "reputation, reputation, reputation. Two contrasting images of womanhood dominate Othello : the virtuous and loyal woman, or Madonna, embodied by Desdemona ; and the whore, embodied, to a certain extent by Bianca. Yet over the course of the play, it becomes clear that these two different ways of describing women don't actually apply to real women.

Instead, they are male fantasies imposed on women—ideals that men want woman to fulfill, and roles that women therefore purposefully play…. Which guides should we add? Request one! Plot Summary. All Themes Prejudice Appearance vs. All Symbols The Handkerchief Animals. LitCharts Teacher Editions. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts.In Shakespeare's "Othello," themes are essential to the working of the play.

The text is a rich tapestry of plot, character, poetry, and theme — elements which come together to form one of the Bard's most engaging tragedies. The play deals with interracial marriage. Others have a problem with it, but Othello and Desdemona are happily in love. Othello holds an important position of power and influence. He has been accepted into Venetian society based on his bravery as a soldier. He is quite happy to have Othello regale stories of bravery to him but when it comes to his daughter, Othello is not good enough.

The story of Othello is propelled by feelings of intense jealousy. All of the action and consequences that unfold are the result of jealousy. Roderigo is jealous of Othello because he is in love with Desdemona.

Roderigo is essential to the plot, his actions act as a catalyst in the narrative. It is Roderigo who goads Cassio into the fight which loses him his job, Roderigo attempts to kill Cassio so that Desdemona stays in Cyprus and eventually Roderigo exposes Iago.

Iago convinces Othello, erroneously, that Desdemona is having an affair with Cassio. So much so that he kills her. Unfortunately for Othello, the man who he trusts in the play, Iago, is not what he seems he is scheming, duplicitous and has a deep malevolent loathing for his master. Othello is made to believe that Cassio and Desdemona are the duplicitous ones. This mistake of judgment leads to his downfall.

Emilia could be accused of duplicity in exposing her own husband. Share Flipboard Email. Lee Jamieson. Theater Expert. Lee Jamieson, M. He previously served as a theater studies lecturer at Stratford-upon Avon College in the United Kingdom.

Brabanzio is convinced that Othello has used trickery to get Desdemona to marry him:. Character Analysis of Cassio and Roderigo from 'Othello'.Shakespeare's play, Othello, the narrative is driven by the jealousy and hated that Iago holds for his commander, Othello, and by the jealousy fomented within Othello.

Iago treacherously plots against Othello for perceived wrongs done against him and he manipulates those around him in order to fulfill his quest for revenge. By Iago's design, Othello is led to believe that his new bride, Desdemona, has been unfaithful and is having an affair with Othello's lieutenant, Cassio. Othello's jealousy grows into…. During Othello by William Shakespeare we see tons of jealousy between all the characters.

Each character that expresses jealousy expresses it in a very overacted state or a very calm but irrational way. Major events of jealousy that occur during Othello are, when Othello passed up Iago for a promotion to give it to Cassio, and Othello gets jealous that his wife may be sneaking around with Cassio.

theme of jealousy in othello pdf

In Othello, jealousy takes many forms, but it, is in all instances, destructive. Iago was talking to…. It can destroy many relationships and take over the mind tremendously. Jealousy can also be overwhelming; by making one obsessed with ideas. They all fall victim to jealousy; it makes them act outside of their norm. I will talk about the he five main characters of this play and they are all encased with jealousy in their own way.

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They are: Iago the antagonist …. Shakespearean plays jealousy usually plays a considerable role in the causing the tragedy. Shakespeare shows great understanding in human nature and human tendencies.

One aspect of human nature that he has a lot of insight on is jealousy. Shakespeare understands jealousy well, and is able to illustrate how jealousy can bring out the worst in people. In Othelloit is clear that in law relationships will fail because jealousy makes both parties of the relationship act evil. In addition, jealousy can cause…. Jealousy is part of human nature. Jealousy can destroy people just as quickly as it can make them rise to the top.

As Iago plants his seeds of suspicion in Othello and his jealousy grows stronger…. Each character mentioned becomes consumed by jealousy and disregards their better judgement. The word jealousy by definition means to dislike someone because he or she is better off than you in some way. Although, jealous thought in its self is not an issue, the actions derived from jealousy can be terrible. Jealousy is a theme in the play that takes control over three….

Othello is story of deception, jealousy and betrayal. Iago was frustrated with his prestigious commanding officer, Othello, because he promoted Cassio another soldier to lieutenancy instead of him. He uses the engagement of his commanding officer to Desdemona as leverage to get Roderigo to help him in his.

theme of jealousy in othello pdf

Iago seems to be truly honest and trustworthy to Othello but in the end it was all a facade. Iago 's manipulation games and deception lead Othello to murder his wife, Desdemona, out of jealous….

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Jealousy, one of the seven deadly sins, is an emotion that ruin lives, and has proved true throughout history.Ata Ullah Nuri Akash is a fan of. Pages Home. Mitchell 1 W. Powered by Blogger. Follow by Email. Literary Articles. Create your Fan Badge. Thursday, December 10, Theme of Jealousy in Othello. The tragedy Othello focuses on the doom of Othello and the other major characters as a result of jealousy.

It utterly corrupts their lives because it causes Iago to show his true self, which in turn triggers Othello to undergo an absolute conversion that destroys the lives of their friends. Othello represents how jealousy, particularly sexual jealousy, is one of the most corrupting and destructive of emotions. It is jealousy that prompts Iago to plot Othello's downfall; jealousy, too, is the tool that Iago uses to arouse Othello's passions.

Roderigo and Bianca demonstrate jealousy at various times in the play, and Emilia demonstrates that she too knows the emotion well. Only Desdemona and Cassio, the true innocents of the story, seem beyond its clutches. Shakespeare used the theme in other plays, but nowhere else is it portrayed as quite the "green- eyed" monster it is in this play.

Since it is an emotion that everyone shares, we watch its destructive influence on the characters with sympathy and horror. How jealousy works in Othello. Jealousy is the main factor that appears to destroy Othello. Iago is the initiator of the chain of events that sparks jealousy in Othello, and eventually leads to the downfall of not only the main character, but also of most of the significant characters in the book.

In Othello Shakespeare presents us with the tragic spectacle of a man who,in spirit of jealous rage ,destroys what he loves best in all the world. We will be able to best realize the tragic effect jealousy if we consider first the nature of the relation between Othello and Desdemona.

The love of Othello and Desdemona transcends the physical barriers of color,nationality and age. But this love is destroyed as soon as jealousness enters into the mind of Othello. Desdemona willingly agrees, knowing that Cassio is an old friend of Othello's.

She promises to speak of him with her husband repeatedly until the quarrel is patched up and Cassio is recalled.

Othello Themes

In the meantime, Othello and Iago enter and Cassio, who is embarrassed because of his antics the previous night, embraces Desdemona and departs. Iago seizes the opportunity to make an undermining comment — "Ha, I like not that" — that rankles in Othello's mind. Iago further insinuates that Cassio was not just leaving, but that he was "steal[ing] away so guilty-like" Iago's words here are filled with forceful innuendo, and as he pretends to be a man who cannot believe what he sees, he introduces jealousy into Othello's subconscious.

Desdemona greets her husband and, without guilt, introduces Cassio's name into their conversation. Here, fate plays a major role in this tragedy; not even Iago wholly arranged this swift, coincidental confrontation of Othello, Desdemona, and Cassio, and certainly the pathos of Desdemona's position here is largely due to no other factor than fate. Desdemona speaks of Cassio, and Othello, to please her, agrees to see him, but he is distracted by his private thoughts.

Othello by William Shakespeare - Motifs

As Desdemona leaves, Othello chides himself for being irritated by his wife.


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Tetaur Posted on10:12 pm - Oct 2, 2012

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